Essay On Delhi The Capital Of India In Hindi

राजधानी दिल्ली पर निबन्ध | Essay on Delhi : The Capital of India in Hindi!

1. भूमिका:

आज की दिल्ली कभी देहली कही जाती थी जिसका अर्थ है घर की चौखट । अर्थात् दिल्ली हिन्दुस्तान रूपी किले की चौखट मानी जाती थी । आज यह भारत की राजधानी और एक विशाल महानगर के रूप में पूरे विश्व में विख्यात है । आज दिल्ली भारत का पर्यायवाची (Synonym) बन गई है ।

2. इतिहास:

सबसे पहले 11 वीं शताब्दी में तोमरवंशी राजाओं ने दिल्ली को नगर का रूप दिया और वहाँ अपनी राजधानी बनायी । इससे पहले दिल्ली और उसके आसपास के इलाके हस्तिनापुर तथा इन्द्रप्रस्थ के नाम से जाने जाते थे ।

तोमरवंशी राजपूत राजाओं के हाथों से यह नगर चौहानवंश के राजपूत राजाओं के शासन में आ गया । पृथ्वीराज चौहान के समय से दिल्ली इतिहास के पन्नों पर एक महत्त्वपूर्ण नगर के रूप में छा गया । सन् 1192 ई. के तराइन युद्ध के बाद इस पर मुहम्मद गोरी का शासन हुआ ।

फिर गुलामवंश के शासकों ने और बाद में मुगल शासकों ने इसे अपनी राजधानी बनायी । कुतुबुद्‌दीन ऐबक ने यहाँ कुतुब मीनार बनवाया तथा शाहजहाँ ने लाल किले और जामा मस्जिद का निर्माण कराया । सन् 1857 ई. तक यहाँ मुगल शासक बहादुर शाह जाफर (द्वितीय) का शासन रहा ।

सन् 1911 में ब्रिटिश शासकों की राजधानी कलकत्ता से बदलकर दिल्ली आ गई । अंग्रेज सरकार ने पहले वाली दिल्ली को छोड्‌कर पास ही नई दिल्ली में अपनी राजधानी बनाई । उन्होंने केंद्रीय सभा का निर्माण कराया जो आज का पार्लियामेंट या संसद भवन है ।

3. विकास:

प्राचीन काल से लेकर आज तक दिल्ली केस्वरूप में निरंतर परिवर्तन होता रहा है । दिल्ली का एक प्रमुख स्थल है- चांदनी चौक का बाजार । यहाँ की सबसे बड़ी विशेषता है कि यहाँ एक ही स्थान पर मंदिर, मस्जिद, गुरुद्वारा और जैनमंदिर स्थित हैं जो राष्ट्रीय एकता का प्रतीक है ।

इसके अलावा निजामुद्‌दीन औलिया की मजार, हुमायूँ और रहीम का मकबरा, पाण्डवों का किला, लाल किला, मिर्जा गालिब का घर, चिड़ियाघर, फिरोजशाह कोटला, राष्ट्रपति भवन, संसद भवन, इण्डिया गेट, म्यूजियम, जन्तर-मंतर, कनाट प्लेस, कुतुबमीनार, लोदी गार्डन, बुद्ध जयंती पार्क, नेहरूबाल संग्रहालय, लोटस टेम्पल, जैन शांति पार्क, राजघाट, शक्तिस्थल, विजयघाट, बिड़ला मंदिर आदि अनेक दर्शनीय स्थल हैं ।

4. उपसंहार:

यमुना नदी के तट पर बसे 1,483 वर्ग किलोमीटर क्षेत्रफल (Area) तथा करीब 1 करोड़ से अधिक की आबादी (Population) वाले इस महानगर में चाहे गुरुपर्व हो या निजामुद्‌दीन औलिया का उर्स, फूलवालों की सैर हो या जन्माष्टमी और रक्षाबन्धन का पर्व, दशहरा हो या दीपावली, स्वाधीनता दिवस हो अथवा गणतंत्र दिवस की परेड, हर अवसर पर सभी धर्मों और जातियों के लोग साथ मिलकर अपने दुख और खुशी बाँटते हैं । दिल्ली केवल महानगर ही नहीं, यह हमारे देश का दिल भी है ।

A Visit To Delhi City

Delhi is the capital of India. It is the seat of Indian Government. The fate of the country is decided here in the Parliament House. About 8 km to the south- west is New Delhi. It has many fine buildings and government offices. It was built by the British.

Delhi is an historical city. It has seen the rise and fall of many kingdoms. Each of its ancient monument has its history to tell. The Red Fort and the Jama Masjid remid  us of Mugaul’s love for buildings. The Old Fort is the sign of ancient Hindu greatness. The Qutab Minar reminds us of the Slave Kings.  Amonst its modern buildings are the Parliamnet  House, the Rashtriapati Bhawan, the Akshwani Bhawan, the Udyog Bhawan, the Vigyan Bhawan , Vikas Minar and the rail Bhawan.

The capital city is perhaps the biggest trade centre of the north. Chandni Chowk, Sadar Bazar, Asaf Ali Road, Ajam Khan Road and Connaught Place are some of its most important business centres. Business worth crores is done in these markets every day.

India Gate is located at one end of Rajpath. It was designed by Lutyens as a war memorial. The names of 90,000 Indian soldiers who died in World War I, are inscribed on the memorial. Near the Old Fort, there is zoo opening between 8 a.m. and 6. p.m. in summer and 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. in winter, Safdarjand’s Tomb was built in 1753- 1754 soon after the death of Safdarjang.

It is red and brown sandstone tomb. Rajghat is a simple square platform of black marble on the bank of the river Yamuan where  Mahatma Gandhi was cremated. His last word, ‘He Ram’ are inscribed on this platform which is surrounded by a charming garden. Jantar Mantar is an observatory built by Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur in South of Connaught Circus. Connaught Place is a shopping complex comprising circles containing shops, hotels and restaurants. An air conditioned underground market Palika Bazar is close to this complex. Purana Qila or Old fort  ruins are located on a small hill which once stood on the bank of the river Yamuna. The fort is believed to shows the site of Indraprastha, the grand capital of the Pandavas.

The National Museum was built in 1960. It has an extraordinary rich collection of Indian Art. Nehru Memorial Museum on Teen Murit Marg is also a memorable thing to see. Its library is also very rich. Humayun’s Tomb was built   by the wife of Emperor Humayun. It took 8 years to complete. It is one of the earliest examples of Mughal architecture. It is made of combination of white marble and red sandstone built in the center Gardens are delightful and well maintained. Rashtrapati Bhawan, old home of British Viceroys of India , was completed in 1929. It is built on Raisaian Hill. Tugalakabad Fort was built on a rocky hill in 1324 by Giyasuddin Tugalak. It is completely ruined, located at a distance of 8 km from Qutub Minar.

Red Fort, also called Lal Qila had been the capital of Shahjahan. He built it in 1648 after 9 years construction. The fort his two main  entrances, the Delhi Gate and the Lahori Gate. Near it Chandni Chowk is a charming crowded market. Near Jain Mandir. Bird Hospital is also an attraction for the  visitors.  In the southern area of Delhi there is Qutub Minar, 73 meters high stone tower. It was started by Qutubuddin Aibak in 1199 and was completed by Ilutamish. In the Central Delhi there is a  temple dedicated to Lakshmi and Lord Vishnu built by R.B. Das Birla. Beside it there are other charming centers to see.

In Delhi, there are many sources of entertainment. It has many air-conditioned restaurants. It has over sixty cinema halls and a few theaters. It has many beautiful gardens. There is the National Museum. There is a zoo  also. Recently Delhi has become a great centre of learning. It has three universities. It has many colleges and schools. There are a few medical and engineering colleges also.

All kinds of people live in Delhi. Among them, the chief are Punjabis , Muslim, Anglo Indians and North and South Indians. There people follow different occupations. The people of Delhi are fashionable. They love pleasure. They like to go to Cinema.

Delhi is connected to all important cities of India. It is an important business centre. There are many whole- sale  dealers. They stock Indian and foreign goods.

Delhi is a very Old city. The Pandavas called it Indraprastha. The last Hindu king Prithvi Raj also ruled over it. The present Old Delhi was built by Shahjahan. It 1911, it was also made capital of India by the British. Since 1947 it is also the capital of independent India. 

March 31, 2017evirtualguru_ajaygourEnglish (Sr. Secondary), eVirtualGuru, LanguagesNo CommentEnglish 10, English 12, English Essay Class 10 & 12, English Essay Graduation

About evirtualguru_ajaygour

The main objective of this website is to provide quality study material to all students (from 1st to 12th class of any board) irrespective of their background as our motto is “Education for Everyone”. It is also a very good platform for teachers who want to share their valuable knowledge.

0 thoughts on “Essay On Delhi The Capital Of India In Hindi

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *